# Schouten tensor

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In Riemannian geometry, the **Schouten tensor** is a second-order tensor introduced by Jan Arnoldus Schouten. It is defined by, for *n* ≥ 3,

where *Ric* is the Ricci tensor, *R* is the scalar curvature, *g* is the Riemannian metric, is the trace of *P* and *n* is the dimension of the manifold.

The Weyl tensor equals the Riemann curvature tensor minus the Kulkarni–Nomizu product of the Schouten tensor with the metric. In an index notation

The Schouten tensor often appears in conformal geometry because of its relatively simple conformal transformation law

## Further reading

- Arthur L. Besse,
*Einstein Manifolds*. Springer-Verlag, 2007. See Ch.1 §J "Conformal Changes of Riemannian Metrics." - Spyros Alexakis,
*The Decomposition of Global Conformal Invariants*. Princeton University Press, 2012. Ch.2, noting in a footnote that the Schouten tensor is a "trace-adjusted Ricci tensor" and may be considered as "essentially the Ricci tensor." - Wolfgang Kuhnel and Hans-Bert Rademacher, "Conformal diffeomorphisms preserving the Ricci tensor",
*Proc. Amer. Math. Soc.***123**(1995), no. 9, 2841–2848. Online eprint (pdf). - T. Bailey, M.G. Eastwood and A.R. Gover, "Thomas's Structure Bundle for Conformal, Projective and Related Structures", Rocky Mountain Journal of Mathematics, vol. 24, Number 4, 1191-1217.