# File:CartUnion.pdf

CartUnion.pdf(708 × 531 pixels, file size: 13 KB, MIME type: application/pdf)

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## Summary

 Description English: Demonstrates the non-compatibility of the Cartesian product and set union, viz. (A∪B)×(C∪D)≠(A×C)∪(B×D), using example sets A = { x∈ℝ: 2≤x≤5 }, B = { x∈ℝ: 3≤x≤7 }, C = { y∈ℝ: 1≤y≤3 }, and D = { y∈ℝ: 2≤y≤4 }. Date 21 September 2014 Source Own work Author Jochen Burghardt Other versions File:CartUnion.pdf — File:CartUnion svg.svg
LaTeX source code
\documentclass[12pt]{article}
\usepackage[pdftex]{color}
\usepackage[paperwidth=120mm,paperheight=90mm]{geometry}
\setlength{\topmargin}{-36mm}
\setlength{\textwidth}{120mm}
\setlength{\textheight}{90mm}
\setlength{\evensidemargin}{-2.7cm}
\setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-2.5cm}
\setlength{\parindent}{0cm}
\setlength{\unitlength}{1mm}
\sloppy

\definecolor{cACf}      {rgb}{0.70,0.00,0.00}   % rectangle AxC foreground
\definecolor{cBDf}      {rgb}{0.00,0.70,0.00}   % rectangle BxD foreground
\definecolor{cACb}      {rgb}{0.99,0.80,0.80}   % rectangle AxC background
\definecolor{cBDb}      {rgb}{0.80,0.99,0.80}   % rectangle BxD background
\definecolor{cINb}      {rgb}{0.99,0.99,0.80}   % intersection background
\definecolor{cUNf}      {rgb}{0.00,0.00,0.70}   % union foreground
\definecolor{cUNb}      {rgb}{0.89,0.89,0.99}   % union background
\definecolor{cAxe}      {rgb}{0.80,0.80,0.99}   % coordinate axes
\definecolor{cEmb}      {rgb}{0.90,0.90,0.90}   % embedding dots

\begin{document}
\begin{picture}(115,85)
% embedding from intervals to rectangles
\textcolor{cEmb}{\multiput(45,7)(0,1){13}{\makebox(0,0){$\cdot$}}}% A
\textcolor{cEmb}{\multiput(45,26)(0,1){9}{\makebox(0,0){$\cdot$}}}%
\textcolor{cEmb}{\multiput(75,11)(0,1){9}{\makebox(0,0){$\cdot$}}}%
\textcolor{cEmb}{\multiput(75,26)(0,1){9}{\makebox(0,0){$\cdot$}}}%
\textcolor{cEmb}{\multiput(55,12)(0,1){8}{\makebox(0,0){$\cdot$}}}% B
\textcolor{cEmb}{\multiput(55,26)(0,1){9}{\makebox(0,0){$\cdot$}}}%
\textcolor{cEmb}{\multiput(95,12)(0,1){8}{\makebox(0,0){$\cdot$}}}%
\textcolor{cEmb}{\multiput(95,26)(0,1){19}{\makebox(0,0){$\cdot$}}}%
\textcolor{cEmb}{\multiput(7,35)(1,0){13}{\makebox(0,0){$\cdot$}}}% C
\textcolor{cEmb}{\multiput(26,35)(1,0){19}{\makebox(0,0){$\cdot$}}}%
\textcolor{cEmb}{\multiput(11,55)(1,0){9}{\makebox(0,0){$\cdot$}}}%
\textcolor{cEmb}{\multiput(26,55)(1,0){19}{\makebox(0,0){$\cdot$}}}%
\textcolor{cEmb}{\multiput(12,45)(1,0){8}{\makebox(0,0){$\cdot$}}}% D
\textcolor{cEmb}{\multiput(26,45)(1,0){19}{\makebox(0,0){$\cdot$}}}%
\textcolor{cEmb}{\multiput(12,65)(1,0){8}{\makebox(0,0){$\cdot$}}}%
\textcolor{cEmb}{\multiput(26,65)(1,0){29}{\makebox(0,0){$\cdot$}}}%
% y axis
\textcolor{cAxe}{\put(25.000,20.000){\vector(0,1){60.000}}}%
\textcolor{cAxe}{\multiput(25.000,35.000)(0.000,10.000){5}{\line(-1,0){1.000}}}%
\textcolor{cAxe}{\put(27,80){\makebox(0,0)[l]{$y$}}}%
\textcolor{cAxe}{\put(20,35){\makebox(0,0)[l]{$1$}}}%
\textcolor{cAxe}{\put(20,45){\makebox(0,0)[l]{$2$}}}%
\textcolor{cAxe}{\put(20,55){\makebox(0,0)[l]{$3$}}}%
\textcolor{cAxe}{\put(20,65){\makebox(0,0)[l]{$4$}}}%
\textcolor{cAxe}{\put(20,75){\makebox(0,0)[l]{$5$}}}%
% x axis
\textcolor{cAxe}{\put(20.000,25.000){\vector(1,0){90.000}}}%
\textcolor{cAxe}{\multiput(35.000,25.000)(10.000,0.000){8}{\line(0,-1){1.000}}}%
\textcolor{cAxe}{\put(110,27){\makebox(0,0)[b]{$x$}}}%
\textcolor{cAxe}{\put(35,20){\makebox(0,0)[b]{$1$}}}%
\textcolor{cAxe}{\put(45,20){\makebox(0,0)[b]{$2$}}}%
\textcolor{cAxe}{\put(55,20){\makebox(0,0)[b]{$3$}}}%
\textcolor{cAxe}{\put(65,20){\makebox(0,0)[b]{$4$}}}%
\textcolor{cAxe}{\put(75,20){\makebox(0,0)[b]{$5$}}}%
\textcolor{cAxe}{\put(85,20){\makebox(0,0)[b]{$6$}}}%
\textcolor{cAxe}{\put(95,20){\makebox(0,0)[b]{$7$}}}%
\textcolor{cAxe}{\put(105,20){\makebox(0,0)[b]{$8$}}}%
% x-interval end markers
\textcolor{cACf}{\put(45,4){\line(0,1){2}}}% A
\textcolor{cACf}{\put(75,4){\line(0,1){2}}}%
\textcolor{cBDf}{\put(55,9){\line(0,1){2}}}% B
\textcolor{cBDf}{\put(95,9){\line(0,1){2}}}%
\textcolor{cUNf}{\put(45,6.5){\line(0,1){2}}}% A u B
\textcolor{cUNf}{\put(95,6.5){\line(0,1){2}}}%
% y-interval end markers
\textcolor{cACf}{\put(4,35){\line(1,0){2}}}% C
\textcolor{cACf}{\put(4,55){\line(1,0){2}}}%
\textcolor{cBDf}{\put(9,45){\line(1,0){2}}}% D
\textcolor{cBDf}{\put(9,65){\line(1,0){2}}}%
\textcolor{cUNf}{\put(6.5,35){\line(1,0){2}}}% C u D
\textcolor{cUNf}{\put(6.5,65){\line(1,0){2}}}%
\thicklines
% x-interval lines and captions
\textcolor{cACf}{\put(45,5){\line(1,0){30}}}% A
\textcolor{cACf}{\put(46,10){\makebox(0,0)[bl]{$A$}}}%
\textcolor{cBDf}{\put(55,10){\line(1,0){40}}}% B
\textcolor{cBDf}{\put(94,5){\makebox(0,0)[tr]{$B$}}}%
\textcolor{cUNf}{\put(45,7.5){\line(1,0){50}}}% A u B
% y-interval lines and captions
\textcolor{cACf}{\put(5,35){\line(0,1){20}}}% C
\textcolor{cACf}{\put(10,36){\makebox(0,0)[bl]{$C$}}}%
\textcolor{cBDf}{\put(10,45){\line(0,1){20}}}% D
\textcolor{cBDf}{\put(5,64){\makebox(0,0)[tr]{$D$}}}%
\textcolor{cUNf}{\put(7.5,35){\line(0,1){30}}}% C u D
% rectangle backgrounds
\textcolor{cUNb}{\put(45,35){\makebox(0,0)[bl]{\rule{50mm}{30mm}}}}% union
\textcolor{cACb}{\put(45,35){\makebox(0,0)[bl]{\rule{30mm}{20mm}}}}% A x C
\textcolor{cBDb}{\put(55,45){\makebox(0,0)[bl]{\rule{40mm}{20mm}}}}% B x D
\textcolor{cINb}{\put(55,45){\makebox(0,0)[bl]{\rule{20mm}{10mm}}}}% intersection
% rectangle borders and captions
\thinlines
\textcolor{cUNf}{\put(45,35){\framebox(50,30){}}}% union
\textcolor{cACf}{\put(45,35){\framebox(30,20){}}}% A x C
\textcolor{cACf}{\put(46,36){\makebox(0,0)[bl]{$A \times C$}}}%
\textcolor{cBDf}{\put(55,45){\framebox(40,20){}}}% B x D
\textcolor{cBDf}{\put(94,64){\makebox(0,0)[tr]{$B \times D$}}}%
\end{picture}
\end{document}


## Licensing

I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following licenses: Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled GNU Free Documentation License.   This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International, 3.0 Unported, 2.5 Generic, 2.0 Generic and 1.0 Generic license. You are free: to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work to remix – to adapt the work Under the following conditions: attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. share alike – If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same or compatible license as the original.

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