Foreign relations of Brunei

From formulasearchengine
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Template:Politics sidebar title
Template:Politics sidebar below
Template:Navbar

Brunei joined ASEAN on January 7, 1984, one week after resuming full independence, and gives its ASEAN membership the highest priority in its foreign relations. Brunei joined the United Nations in September 1984. It also is a member of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum and the Commonwealth of Nations. Brunei hosted the APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting in November 2000. In 2005 it attended the inaugural East Asia Summit.

Brunei has a number of diplomatic missions abroad and has close relations with Singapore, sharing an interchangeable currency regime as well as close military relations with the latter island-state. Aside from relations with other ASEAN states, Brunei also has extensive relations with the Islamic and Arab world.

Bilateral relations

Australia

Template:Flag iconTemplate:Flag icon {{#invoke:main|main}}

Australia and Brunei Darussalam enjoy a warm, and increasingly diverse bilateral relationship. Australian servicemen liberated Brunei from Japanese occupation in June 1945. A memorial marking this event can be found at Muara Beach and is the venue for the annual ANZAC Day ceremony organised by the High Commission. Both countries are also participating in the Trans Pacific Partnership (TPP) negotiations which commenced in 2010, with participants aiming to conclude an agreement which will serve as a building block for Asia Pacific economic integration.

Brunei has a high commission in Canberra, and Australia has a high commission in Bandar Seri Begawan.[1] Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations. Relations between the two countries has been established since 1984 with Australia became one of the first countries to establish diplomatic relations with Brunei.[1][2][3]

Bangladesh

Template:Flag iconTemplate:Flag icon {{#invoke:main|main}}

Bilateral relations are excellent between the two predominantly moderate Muslim nations. They are both members of OIC, Commonwealth and NAM and share common views on regional and international issues. Brunei recognised Bangladesh quickly with other Southeast Asian countries and Bangladesh established residential Diplomatic mission in 1985, although it was closed down from 1988 to 1997 due to financial constraints. Brunei has a residential embassy located in Dhaka. Brunei actively supports Bangladesh's candidacy for different regional and international organisations.

Burma

Template:Flag iconTemplate:Flag icon {{#invoke:main|main}}

Brunei has an embassy in Yangon, and Burma has an embassy in Gadong.[4] The relations has been establish since 21 September 1993.[4]

Cambodia

Template:Flag iconTemplate:Flag icon {{#invoke:main|main}}

Brunei has an embassy in Phnom Penh, and Cambodia has an embassy in Bandar Seri Begawan.[5] The relations has been establish since 9 June 1992.[5]

Canada

Template:Flag iconTemplate:Flag icon {{#invoke:main|main}}

Canada established diplomatic relations with Brunei Darussalam in 7 May 1984, following Brunei's independence.[6][7] Brunei has a high commission in Ottawa, and Canada has a high commission in Bandar Seri Begawan.[7] Like Brunei, Canada is a full member of the Commonwealth of Nations.

China

Template:Flag iconTemplate:Flag icon {{#invoke:main|main}}

Brunei has an embassy in Beijing, and China has an embassy in Bandar Seri Begawan.[8] Relations can be traced back to over 2,000 years ago as early as the Western Han periods.[9]

France

Template:Flag iconTemplate:Flag icon {{#invoke:main|main}}

Brunei has an embassy in Paris, and France has an embassy in Bandar Seri Begawan.[10] Relations between the two countries has been established since 8 May 1984.[10][11]

Germany

Template:Flag iconTemplate:Flag icon {{#invoke:main|main}}

Brunei has an embassy in Berlin, and Germany has an embassy in Bandar Seri Begawan.[12] Relations between the two countries has been established since 1 May 1984.[12][13]

India

Template:Flag iconTemplate:Flag icon {{#invoke:main|main}}

Brunei has a high commission in New Delhi, and India has a high commission in Bandar Seri Begawan.[14] Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations. Relations has been established since 10 May 1984.[14]

Indonesia

Template:Flag iconTemplate:Flag icon {{#invoke:main|main}}

Republic of Indonesia established diplomatic relations with Brunei Darussalam on 1 January 1984.[15] Brunei Darussalam was recognised by Jakarta on independence in 1984, with Indonesia dropping any claims on the Sultanate in the process.

Japan

Template:Flag iconTemplate:Flag icon {{#invoke:main|main}}

Brunei has an embassy in Tokyo, and Japan has an embassy in Bandar Seri Begawan.[16] Relations has been established since 2 April 1984.[16]

Laos

Template:Flag iconTemplate:Flag icon {{#invoke:main|main}}

Brunei has an embassy in Vientiane, and Laos has an embassy in Bandar Seri Begawan.[17] The relations has been establish since 27 July 1993.[17]

Malaysia

Template:Flag iconTemplate:Flag icon {{#invoke:main|main}}

Both countries established diplomatic relations since January 1984 with Brunei has a high commission in Kuala Lumpur, and Malaysia has a high commission in Bandar Seri Begawan.[18] Like Brunei, Malaysia is a full member of the Commonwealth of Nations.

New Zealand

Template:Flag iconTemplate:Flag icon {{#invoke:main|main}}

Brunei high commission in Bandar Seri Begawan is accredited to New Zealand, while New Zealand high commission in Kuala Lumpur is accredited to Brunei.[19] Relations has been established since 5 May 1984 and have always been friendly and positive with such cooperation in education trade and defence.[20]

Oman

Template:Flag iconTemplate:Flag icon {{#invoke:main|main}}

Brunei has an embassy in Muscat, and Oman has an embassy in Bandar Seri Begawan.[21] Relations has been established since 24 March 1984.[21]

Pakistan

Template:Flag iconTemplate:Flag icon {{#invoke:main|main}}

Pakistan has a High Commission in Bandar Seri Begawan and Brunei has a High Commission in Islamabad. Pakistan initially hesitated to recognise the country at first since its close relations with Malaysia which what they considered as part of the Federation of Malaysia but later establish a relations on 9 February 1984 when Malaysia establish a relations with the country.[22]

Philippines

Template:Flag iconTemplate:Flag icon {{#invoke:main|main}}

Relations between the two countries has been established since January 1984.[23] In April 2009, Brunei and The Philippines signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) that seeks to strengthen the bilateral cooperation of the two countries in the fields of agriculture and farm-related trade and investments.[24] The MOU further strengthened bilateral cooperation between the two Southeast Asian countries, particularly in the fields of agriculture and farm-related trade and investments.[25] The two countries have agreed to cooperate in plant science, crops technology, vegetable and fruit preservation, biotechnology, post-harvest technology, livestock, organic agriculture, irrigation and water resources and Halal industry.[26]

Qatar

Template:Flag iconTemplate:Flag icon {{#invoke:main|main}}

Brunei has an embassy in Doha, and Qatar has an embassy in Bandar Seri Begawan.[27] Relations between the two countries has been established since 2 October 1991.[27]

Russia

Template:Flag iconTemplate:Flag icon {{#invoke:main|main}}

Brunei maintains an embassy in Moscow, Russian embassy in Brunei was established in March, 2010.

Singapore

Template:Flag iconTemplate:Flag icon {{#invoke:main|main}}

The official relations between the two countries has been established since 1984.[28] Brunei and Singapore agreed to have Singapore train its armed forces with Brunei. Like Brunei, Singapore is a full member of the Commonwealth of Nations.

Brunei and Singapore have a currency agreement that the currencies of both countries can be used in either of the two countries. The Brunei dollar and the Singapore dollar are maintained at parity.

In August 2005, Brunei's Foreign Affairs and Trade Minister, Prince Mohamed Bolkiah arrived in Singapore for a three-day visit during which the two countries signed an agreement to eliminate double taxation, paving the way for further bilateral trade and investment.[29]

The Royal Brunei Navy and the Republic of Singapore Navy conduct an annual Exercise Pelican signifying strong ties between the two navies.

South Korea

Template:Flag iconTemplate:Flag icon {{#invoke:main|main}}

Brunei has an embassy in Seoul, and South Korea has an embassy in Bandar Seri Begawan.[30] South Korea established diplomatic relations with Brunei in 1 June 1984 right after the country gained independence from the United Kingdom on 1 January on that year.[30][31]

Thailand

Template:Flag iconTemplate:Flag icon {{#invoke:main|main}}

Brunei has an embassy in Bangkok, and Thailand has an embassy in Bandar Seri Begawan.[32] The relations have always been close and cordial.[33]

United Kingdom

Template:Flag iconTemplate:Flag icon {{#invoke:main|main}}

In 1888, Brunei became a British protectorate, gaining its independence from British rule less than 100 years later in 1984.

The UK and Brunei have a long-standing and strong bilateral relationship, particularly on defence co-operation, trade and education. The UK continues to play a strong role in developing Brunei’s oil and gas sector, and the Brunei Investment Agency is a significant investor in the UK, with their largest overseas operations in the City of London. The UK remains the destination of choice for Bruneian students, with about 1,220 of them enrolled in higher education in the UK in 2006-07.

The United Kingdom has a high commission in Bandar Seri Begawan, and Brunei has a high commission in London.[34] Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.

United States

Template:Flag iconTemplate:Flag icon {{#invoke:main|main}}

The U.S. welcomed Brunei Darussalam's full independence from the United Kingdom on January 1, 1984, and opened an embassy in Bandar Seri Begawan on that date. Brunei opened its embassy in Washington, D.C. in March 1984. Brunei's armed forces engage in joint exercises, training programs, and other military cooperation with the U.S.A memorandum of understanding on defense cooperation was signed on November 29, 1994. The Sultan of Brunei visited Washington in December 2002.

Vietnam

Template:Flag iconTemplate:Flag icon {{#invoke:main|main}}

Relations between the two countries has been established since 29 February 1992.[35] Brunei has an embassy in Hanoi, and Vietnam has an embassy in Bandar Seri Begawan.[35] Relations between the two countries have always been friendly especially in political field.[36]

See also

References

Template:Foreign relations of Brunei Template:Foreign relations of Asia