Simplicial commutative ring

From formulasearchengine
Jump to navigation Jump to search

In algebra, a simplicial commutative ring is a commutative monoid in the category of simplicial abelian groups, or, equivalently, a simplicial object in the category of commutative rings. If A is a simplicial commutative ring, then it can be shown that is a commutative ring and are modules over that ring (in fact, is a graded ring over .)

A topology-counterpart of this notion is a commutative ring spectrum.

Graded ring structure

Let A be a simplicial commutative ring. Then the ring structure of A gives a structure of graded-commutative graded ring as follows.

By the Dold–Kan correspondence, is the homology of the chain complex corresponding to A; in particular, it is a graded abelian group. Next, to multiply two elements, writing for the circle, let be two maps. Then the composition


the second map the multiplication of A, induces . This in turn gives an element in . We have thus defined the graded multiplication . It is associative since the smash product is. It is graded-commutative (i.e., ) since the involution introduces minus sign.


By definition, the category of affine derived schemes is the opposite category of the category of simplicial commutative rings; an object corresponding to A will be denoted by .

See also