# Talk:Primitive equations

$u$ and $v$ are the zonal (east and west) and meridoinal (north and south) velocities (I think), $\omega$ is the vertical velocity, T is the temperature, and $\phi$ is the geopotential.
Also, f is the Coriolis parameter, which takes into account the fact that we're dealing with a non-intertial coordinate system.
I'll double check the relavent texts before adding the definitions. --Loren

## Primitive equations using sigma coordinate system, polar stereographic projection

Is this version really necessary? It doesn't seem to illustrate anything more than the simpler version aside from water vapor transport, which can easily be incorporated into the simpler version as analogous to the continuity equation. -Loren 07:34, 7 May 2007 (UTC)

I've temporarily commented out this section. There are just too many questions regarding some of the equations that need to be verified. -Loren 07:45, 7 May 2007 (UTC)

### Commented text

#### Primitive equations using sigma coordinate system, polar stereographic projection

• According to the National Weather Service Handbook No. 1 - Facsimile Products, the primitive equations can be simplified into the following equations:
• Temperature:
${\frac {\partial T}{\partial t}}=u{\frac {\partial T}{\partial x}}+v{\frac {\partial T}{\partial y}}+w{\frac {\partial T}{\partial z}}$ • Zonal wind:
${\frac {\partial u}{\partial t}}=\eta v-{\frac {\partial \Phi }{\partial x}}-c_{p}\theta {\frac {\partial \pi }{\partial x}}-z{\frac {\partial u}{\partial \sigma }}-{\frac {\partial ({\frac {u_{2}+y}{2}})}{\partial x}}$ • Meridional Wind:
${\frac {\partial v}{\partial t}}=-\eta {\frac {u}{v}}-{\frac {\partial \Phi }{\partial y}}-c_{p}\theta {\frac {\partial \pi }{\partial y}}-z{\frac {\partial v}{\partial \sigma }}-{\frac {\partial ({\frac {u_{2}+y}{2}})}{\partial y}}$ • Precipitable water:
${\frac {\partial W}{\partial t}}=u{\frac {\partial W}{\partial x}}+v{\frac {\partial W}{\partial y}}+w{\frac {\partial W}{\partial z}}$ • Pressure Thickness:
${\frac {\partial }{\partial t}}{\frac {\partial p}{\partial \sigma }}=u{\frac {\partial }{\partial x}}x{\frac {\partial p}{\partial \sigma }}+v{\frac {\partial }{\partial y}}y{\frac {\partial p}{\partial \sigma }}+w{\frac {\partial }{\partial z}}z{\frac {\partial p}{\partial \sigma }}$ • These simplifications make it much easier to understand what is happening in the model. Things like the temperature (potential temperature), precipitable water, and to an extent the pressure thickness simply move from one spot on the grid to another with the wind. The wind is forecasted slightly differently. It uses geopotential, specific heat, the exner function π, and change in sigma coordinate.

## Equation formatting

I've converted a bunch of equations from pseudo-notation into TeX markup. But two of them contained the strange term g(r/r), which looks like a typo of some sort to me. Somebody who actually knows the relevant equations should check and fix if needed. (I'd guess the second r should be r_0, but I'd be guessing.) -dmmaus 00:50, 7 August 2007 (UTC)

## Frictional Force

I'm not going to change it, but is anyone familiar enough with that notation to verify its accuracy..and for that matter explain its variables? I know it as: $F_{rx}=\nu [{\frac {\partial ^{2}u}{\partial x^{2}}}+{\frac {\partial ^{2}u}{\partial y^{2}}}+{\frac {\partial ^{2}u}{\partial z^{2}}}$ This is obviously not as succinct as in vector notation, it can be compacted but...I learned it through a matter of substitutions which aren't discussed here. For example $\nu ={\frac {\mu }{\rho }}$ seems particularly useful. However it's never explained. In fact a lot of this is never explained; Cv, r, or m...it seems this entire section if not the entire page have been ripped straight from text books without any comprehension by the transcriber...OR no efforts by the writer to imbue understanding onto the readers. I could re-write this section in a notation I'm more accustomed to, but unless someone can explain some of the variable notations I can't help it as is.

—Preceding unsigned comment added by 68.3.13.207 (talk) 21:44, 27 July 2010 (UTC)