User:Reddi

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A Moment of Zen


User talk:Reddi/Moment of Zen


Last peace : 14:35, 15 July 2011 (UTC)


Currently Reading

Favorite Color

Red

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Articles


Please edit and improve these ...

... and other articles, like History stubs, that need to be expanded.


I have improved these articles ...

... and quite a few other articles. I'm interested in these ...

... and many more (like the Kaw people and the Delaware).

Awards

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Editor service award
Complete and Perfect Tutnum of the Encyclopedia.
Edits
44444+
First edit
2003-07-04 13:34:12
Image uploads
125+

Portals

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My site

A collection of wikilife, the universe, and everything ...

206 Partial Content

Recommended site

A website that you should check out ...

Maritime history
[SMxNS]


... so, go check it out. Maybe you will have fun or learn something interesting.

Radio and music

Wanna listen to something? Check out these iStations ...

... maybe you will find some good sounds for your ears.

Sugested sounds

I currently favor and am listening to ...

... and it's good. You should check it out.

Movies and shows

Wanna watch something? Check out this entertainment ...

... maybe you will find some good thoughts for your head.

Free energy

Alternative free energy, in a strict sense, is energy directly transceived from the environment, and utilized without any artificial aid. In a technical sense, free energy means an energy source supplied directly by the environment in unlimited quantity (and this can not be depleted). Free energy here is equated with renewable energy, which is energy from a source which is not subject to depletion and does not include energy sources which are dependent upon limited resources. For more, see these articles ...

"Free energy" generally means that the primary energy source is "free" (i.e. does not cost anything) for consumption. Thus, free energy is the energy with no or negligible feedstock costs, including solar power (sometimes referred to as "electro-radiant energy"), telluric power, water power, and wind power. Free energy is reported in perpetual motion machines and the inquiries can be engaged in serious discussion of such machines in Free energy and perpetual motion history.

Quotes

There manifests itself in the fully developed being - Man - a desire mysterious, inscrutable and irresistible: to imitate nature, to create, to work himself the wonders he perceives. Long ago he recognized that all perceptible matter comes from a primary substance, or tenuity beyond conception, filling all space, the Akasa or luminiferous aether, which is acted upon by the life giving Prana or creative force, calling into existence, in never ending cycles all things and phenomena. The primary substance, thrown into infinitesimal whirls of prodigious velocity, becomes gross matter; the force subsiding, the motion ceases and matter disappears, reverting to the primary substance.
Nikola Tesla

Man's Greatest Achievement

May 13, 1907
The scientific man does not aim at an immediate result. He does not expect that his advanced ideas will be readily taken up. His work is like that of a planter for the future. His duty is to lay the foundation of those who are to come and point the way.
— Nikola Tesla

Userboxes

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Current mood

nofrane

Cool #9

Faces
Angel · Cool · Crying · Devilish · Embarrassed · Kiss · Monkey · Plain · Raspberry · Sad · Smile · Big smile · Smirk · Surprised · Wink

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Netizen

Real Name: J. D. Redding
Nickname: Reddi (Slang: ready)
Location: KCK - Ks - USA - NA - Terra - Sol
Website: jdredding.com
Gender: Male

Go Search

<inputbox> type=search width=50 buttonlabel=Go searchbuttonlabel=Search break=yes </inputbox>

Edit

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Books I ...

Books that I own will be listed, though they are not as many as the ones in the picture.

... own, use, have read, or keep for the rainy days will be listed below. Though this is a listing of books I own, not everything I have and read will I list here; but I will add the books that I have in my collection as time time goes on that I like. The books I ...

recommend ...
read, consult and use ...
own and read ...
  • Ikenson, B. (2004). Patents : Ingenious Inventions, How They Work and How They Came to Be. Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers. 288 pages.
  • United States. (2003). Soldier's manual of common tasks: Skill level 1. Field manual. Washington (d.c.): Department of the Army; Headquarters.
  • Iannini, R. E. (2003). Electronic gadgets for the evil genius: 21 build-it-yourself projects. TAB electronics. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Valone, T. (2002). Harnessing the wheelwork of nature: Tesla's science of energy. Kempton, Ill: Adventure Unlimited Press.
  • Tesla, N., & Childress, D. H. (2000). The Tesla papers. Kempton, Ill: Adventures Unlimited.
  • Seifer, M. J. (1998). Wizard: The life and times of Nikola Tesla : biography of a genius. New York: Citadel Press/Kensington Publishing.
  • Tesla, N., & Childress, D. H. (1993). The fantastic inventions of Nikola Tesla. The Lost science series. Stelle, Ill: Adventures Unlimited.
  • Wright, R. (1992). Stolen continents: The Americas through Indian eyes since 1492. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
  • Hart, M. H. (1992). The 100: A ranking of the most influential persons in history. Secausus, N.J.: Carol Pub. Group.
  • Laubin, R., Laubin, G., & Vestal, S. (1989). The Indian tipi: Its history, construction, and use. Norman, Okla: University of Oklahoma Press.
  • Fletcher, C., & Fletcher, C. (1984). The complete walker III: The joys and techniques of hiking and backpacking. New York: Knopf.
  • Cheney, M. (1981). "Tesla: Man Out of Time". New York, Barnes & Noble Books.
  • Grant, M. (1978). History of Rome. New York: Scribner's.'
  • Burke, J. (1978). Connections. Boston: Little, Brown.
  • Cain, A. H. (1970). Young people and revolution. New York: John Day.
  • Andrews, E. B. (1914). History of the United States, Illustrated. Volume 6. Scribner's.
read on a rainy day ...
  • Adams, D. (1993). Mostly harmless. Hitchiker series ; 05. New York: Ballantine Books.
  • McWilliams, P. (1990). Life 101: Everything we wish we had learned about life in school--but didn't. Los Angeles, Calif: Prelude Press.
  • Adams, D., Adams, D., Adams, D., Adams, D., & Adams, D. (1991). The complete hitchhiker's guide to the galaxy. Voyager expanded book. Santa Monica, CA: Voyager.
  • Tolkien, J. R. R. (1977). The Silmarillion. New York: Ballantine Books.
  • Tolkien, J. R. R. (1973). The fellowship of the ring: Being the first part of The lord of the rings. The Lord of the rings, Pt. 1. New York: Ballantine Books.
  • Tolkien, J. R. R. (1973). The two towers: Being the second part of The lord of the rings. The lord of the rings, Pt. 2. New York: Ballantine Books.
  • Tolkien, J. R. R. (1973). The return of the king: Being the third part of The lord of the rings. The lord of the rings, Pt. 3. New York: Ballantine Books.
  • Tolkien, J. R. R., & Tolkien, C. (1984). The book of lost tales: Part I. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
read for fun ...
  • Lacroix, N., & Lacroix, N. (2004). The better sex guide: How to enjoy and maintain a healthy sex life in a loving relationship : the book for modern lovers everywhere. London: Hermes House.
  • Lebowitz, F. (1978). Metropolitan life. New York: Dutton.
  • Hallmark Cards, Inc. (1960). Poetry for pleasure; The Hallmark book of poetry. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday.
wish I had ...
  • Tesla, N., & Marinčić, A. (1978). Colorado Springs notes, 1899-1900. Beograd: Nolit.
  • Tolkien, J. R. R. (1966). The hobbit, or, There and back again. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
  • Martin, T. C., & Tesla, N. (1894). The inventions, researches and writings of Nikola Tesla: With special reference to his work in polyphase currents and high potential lighting. New York: The Electrical Engineer.

Websites I ...

Websites that I use will be listed; a great deal of good information is available outside of wikimedia.

... use and consult will be listed below. Though this is a listing of websites I like, not everything I have bookmarked and consult will I list here; but I will add the sites that I have in my collection as time time goes on that I like. The sites I ...

suggest ...

consult and use ...

check for current events...

News publications

Technology publications

Science publications

Government

visit for fun ...

History Timelines

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Universe Timeline

Astronomical year numbering

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Dates are approximate, consult particular article for details
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Solar History

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Template:Also

See also: Sun phases

Terran Timeline

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Geologic Earth history

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Lunar History

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Earth History

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Dates are approximate, consult particular article for details

Early Earth
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Middle Earth
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Phanerozoic

Late Earth {{#invoke:main|main}}

See also: Ordovician extinction, Age of Fish, Age of Reptiles

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 id:neogene value:rgb(0.996,0.866,0.176)
 id:paleogene value:rgb(0.996,0.631,0.388)
 id:mesozoic value:rgb(0.027,0.792,0.917)
 id:cretaceous value:rgb(0.435,0.784,0.419)
 id:jurassic value:rgb(0,0.733,0.905)
 id:triassic value:rgb(0.6,0.305,0.588)
 id:paleozoic value:rgb(0.572,0.764,0.627)
 id:permian value:rgb(0.941,0.345,0.235)
 id:carboniferous value:rgb(0.247,0.682,0.678)
 id:devonian value:rgb(0.866,0.588,0.317)
 id:silurian value:rgb(0.65,0.874,0.772)
 id:ordovician value:rgb(0,0.662,0.541)
 id:cambrian value:rgb(0.505,0.666,0.447)
 id:black  value:black
 id:white  value:white
 id:darkgreen value:rgb(0,0.35,0)

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Define $markred = text:"*" textcolor:red shift:(0,3) fontsize:10 Define $markgreen = text:"*" textcolor:darkgreen shift:(0,3) fontsize:10

PlotData=

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 bar:eon
 at:      0   align:right  $markred 
 at:   -542   align:left   $markred shift:(2,3)
 from: -542   till:    0   text:Phanerozoic color:phanerozoic
 bar:era
 at:   0     align:right $markgreen
 at:   -65.5 align:left  $markgreen shift:(2,3)
 from: -65.5 till: 0     text:Cenozoic color:cenozoic
 from: -251  till: -65.5 text:Mesozoic color:mesozoic
 from: -542  till: -251  text:Paleozoic color:paleozoic
 bar:period fontsize:8
 from: -2.588 till: 0 shift:(0,-5) text:Q. color:quaternary
 from: -23.03 till: -2.588 shift:(0,5) text:Neo color:neogene
 from: -65.5 till: -23.03 shift:(0,-5) text:Paleogene color:paleogene
 from: -145.5 till: -65.5 shift:(-5,5) text:Cretaceous color:cretaceous
 from: -199.6 till: -145.5 shift:(0,-5) text:Jurassic color:jurassic
 from: -251.4 till: -199.6 shift:(0,5) text:Triassic color:triassic
 from: -299 till: -251.4 shift:(0,-5) text:Permian color:permian
 from: -359.2 till: -299 shift:(0,5) text:Carboniferous color:carboniferous
 from: -416 till: -359.2 shift:(0,-5) text:Devonian color:devonian
 from: -443.7 till: -416 shift:(0,5) text:Silurian color:silurian
 from: -488.3 till: -443.7 shift:(0,-5) text:Ordovician color:ordovician
 from: -542 till: -488.3 shift:(0,5) text:[[Cambrian] color:cambrian

</timeline> Template:Also Template:Also Template:Also Template:Also

Cenozoic

{{#invoke:main|main}} Template:Also Template:Also <timeline> ImageSize = width:500 height:100 PlotArea = left:65 right:15 bottom:20 top:5 AlignBars = justify

Colors =

 id:cenozoic value:rgb(0.964,0.925,0.223)
 id:quaternary value:rgb(0.996,0.964,0.568)
 id:holocene value:rgb(0.996,0.945,0.878)
 id:pleistocene value:rgb(0.996,0.937,0.678)
 id:neogene value:rgb(0.996,0.866,0.176)
 id:pliocene value:rgb(0.996,0.972,0.65)
 id:miocene value:rgb(0.996,0.937,0)
 id:paleogene value:rgb(0.996,0.631,0.388)
 id:oligocene value:rgb(0.996,0.764,0.525)
 id:eocene value:rgb(0.996,0.725,0.474)
 id:paleocene value:rgb(0.996,0.678,0.431)
 id:black value:black
 id:white value:white
 id:darkgreen value:rgb(0,0.35,0)

Period = from:-65.5 till:0 TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal ScaleMajor = unit:year increment:10 start:-60 ScaleMinor = unit:year increment:1 start:-65

Define $markred = text:"*" textcolor:red shift:(0,3) fontsize:10 Define $markgreen = text:"*" textcolor:darkgreen shift:(0,3) fontsize:10

PlotData=

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 bar:era
 at:     0  align:right $markgreen 
 at: start  align:left  $markgreen shift:(2,3)
 from:start till:  0    text:Cenozoic width:25 color:cenozoic
 bar:period
 at:   0      align:right $markred 
 at:   -2.588 align:left  $markred shift:(2,3)
 from: -2.588 till: 0 shift:(3,0) text:Q. width:25 color:quaternary
 from: -23.03 till: -2.588 text:Neogene color:neogene
 from: start  till: -23.03 text:Paleogene color:paleogene
 bar:epoch
 from: -0.1 till: 0  shift:(0,-5) text:H color:holocene 
 from: -2.588 till: -0.1 shift:(0,5) text:P color:pleistocene
 from: -5.332 till: -2.588 shift:(0,-5) text:Pliocene color:pliocene fontsize:7
 from: -23.03 till: -5.332 text:Miocene color:miocene
 from: -33.9 till: -23.03 shift:(0,-5) text:Oligocene color:oligocene
 from: -55.8 till: -33.9 text:Eocene color:eocene
 from: start till: -55.8 shift:(0,-5) text:Paleocene color:paleocene
 bar: 
 from: -6.5  till: -1.806 shift:(5,-3) text:Tertiary color:holocene width:5

</timeline>

Template:Also Template:Also Template:Also Template:Also Template:Also Template:Also Template:Also Template:Also

Quaternary

{{#invoke:main|main}} Template:Also <timeline> ImageSize = width:500 height:200 PlotArea = left:65 right:15 bottom:20 top:5 AlignBars = justify

Colors =

 id:quaternary value:rgb(0.996,0.964,0.568)
 id:holocene value:rgb(0.996,0.945,0.878)
 id:pleistocene value:rgb(0.996,0.937,0.678)
 id:late value:rgb(0.996,0.945,0.839)
 id:middle value:rgb(0.996,0.941,0.8)
 id:calabrian value:rgb(0.996,0.937,0.756)
 id:gelasian value:rgb(0.996,0.933,0.718)
 id:filler value:gray(0.8) # background bar

Period = from:-2588000 till:2013 TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal ScaleMajor = unit:year increment:500000 start:-2588000 ScaleMinor = unit:year increment:100000 start:-2588000

Define $markred = text:"*" textcolor:red shift:(0,3) fontsize:10 Define $markgreen = text:"*" textcolor:darkgreen shift:(0,3) fontsize:10

PlotData=

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 bar:period
 at: 2013        align:right $markred 
 at: -2588000   align:left $markred shift:(2,3)
 from: -2588000 till: 0 text:Quaternary color:quaternary
 bar:epoch
 from: -117000 till: 2013      text:Holocene color:holocene
 from: -2588000 till: -117000 text:Pleistocene_(P) color:pleistocene
 from: -126000 till: -117000 shift:(0,5) text:Late_P color:late
 from: -781000 till: -126000 text:Middle_P color:middle
 from: -2588000 till: -781000 shift:(-10,0) text:Early_P color:middle
 bar:Protohistory color:filler
 from: -2588000 till: -10000 shift:(-30,1) text:Paleolithic 
 from: -2588000 till: -300000 shift:(50,-5) text:Lower
 from: -300000 till: -50000 shift:(0,5) text:Middle 
 from: -50000 till: -10000 shift:(0,-5) text:Upper 
 bar:Quaternary 
 from: -2588000 till: -1806000 shift:(20,-5) text:Gelasian color:gelasian
 from: -1806000 till: -781000 shift:(20,-5) text:Calabrian color:calabrian
 from: -126000 till: -781000 shift:(-10,0) text:Ionian
 from: -117000 till: -126000 shift:(-15,5) text:Tarantian
 from: -117000 till: 2013 shift:(0,-10) text:Holocene color:holocene
 bar:Stone.Age color:filler
 from: -2588000 till: -1457144  text:Early
 from: -1457144 till: -485716 text:Middle
 from: -485716 till: -3250 shift:(0,2) text:Late 
 bar:Lower.Paleo color:filler
 from: -2588000 till:-1750000 shift:(0,-7) text:Oldowan
 from: -1750000 till:-200000 shift:(0,-7) text:Acheulean
 from: -200000 till:-100000 shift:(0,-7) text:Clactonian
 bar:Humans color:filler
 from: -2000000 till: 2013 shift:(0,-7) text:Anatomically modern humans

</timeline>

Template:Also Template:Also

Template:Also

Human Species

{{#invoke:main|main}}

Template:Also <timeline> ImageSize = width:500 height:175 PlotArea = left:65 right:15 bottom:20 top:5 AlignBars = justify

Colors =

 id:quaternary value:rgb(0.996,0.964,0.568)
 id:holocene value:rgb(0.996,0.945,0.878)
 id:pleistocene value:rgb(0.996,0.937,0.678)
 id:late value:rgb(0.996,0.945,0.839)
 id:middle value:rgb(0.996,0.941,0.8)
 id:calabrian value:rgb(0.996,0.937,0.756)
 id:gelasian value:rgb(0.996,0.933,0.718)
 id:filler value:gray(0.8) # background bar

Period = from:-2000000 till:2013 TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal ScaleMajor = unit:year increment:500000 start:-2000000 ScaleMinor = unit:year increment:100000 start:-2000000

Define $markred = text:"*" textcolor:red shift:(0,3) fontsize:10 Define $markgreen = text:"*" textcolor:darkgreen shift:(0,3) fontsize:10

PlotData=

 align:center textcolor:black fontsize:8 mark:(line,black) width:20 shift:(0,-5)
 bar:epoch
 from: -117000 till: 2013      text:Holocene color:holocene
 from: -2000000 till: -117000 text:Pleistocene_(P) color:pleistocene
 from: -126000 till: -117000 shift:(0,5) text:Late_P color:late
 from: -781000 till: -126000 text:Middle_P color:middle
 from: -2000000 till: -781000 shift:(-10,0) text:Early_P color:middle
 bar:Protohistory color:filler
 from: -2000000 till: -10000 shift:(-30,1) text:Paleolithic 
 from: -2000000 till: -300000 shift:(50,-5) text:Lower
 from: -300000 till: -50000 shift:(0,5) text:Middle 
 from: -50000 till: -10000 shift:(0,-5) text:Upper 
 bar:Paleolithic color:filler
 from: -2000000 till:-1750000 shift:(0,1) text:Oldowan
 from: -1750000 till:-200000 shift:(0,1) text:Acheulean
 from: -200000 till:-100000 shift:(0,3) text:Clactonian
 from: -100000 till: -70000 text:Micoquien
 bar:Stone.Age color:filler
 from: -2000000 till: -1457144  text:Early
 from: -1457144 till: -485716 text:Middle
 from: -485716 till: -3250 text:Late 
 bar:Humans color:filler
 from: -2000000 till: 2013 shift:(0,1) text:Anatomically modern humans

</timeline> Template:Also

Time of Humanity

{{#invoke:main|main}} Template:Also <timeline> ImageSize = width:500 height:125 PlotArea = left:65 right:25 bottom:20 top:5 AlignBars = justify Colors =

 id:green value:rgb(0.996,0.945,0.878)
 id:nil value:gray(0.9)
 id:era value:rgb(0.996,0.941,0.8)
 id:age value:rgb(0.996,0.937,0.756)
 id:period1 value:rgb(0.996,0.945,0.839)
 id:period3 value:gray(0.8) # background bar

Period = from:-2000000 till:2013 TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal ScaleMajor = unit:year increment:250000 start:-2000000 ScaleMinor = unit:year increment:20000 start:-2000000

PlotData=

 align:center textcolor:black fontsize:8 mark:(line,black) width:5 shift:(0,-5)
bar:  from:-2000000 till:end width:35 color:period3 
bar:  from:-2000000 till:end width:15 color:white
bar:  at:-2000000 color:period3 shift:(-30,7) text:Genus Homo 
bar:   color:period3
from:-200000 till:-1800000
at:-1800000 shift:(0,8) text:H. erectus
at:-1800000 text:H. ergaster
at:-1800000 shift:(0,-24) text:H. georgicus
bar:  color:period3
from:-1400000 till:end  
at:-1400000 shift:(0,-16) text:H. habilis
bar:  color:period3
from:2013 till:-200000 
at:-200000 text:H. sapiens
bar:  color:period3
from:-1200000 shift:(0,4) till:-800000  text:H. antecessor
bar:  color:period3
from:-29000 till:-230000
at:-230000 shift:(0,5) text:H. neanderthalensis

bar:   color:period3 
from:-230000 till:-600000
at:-600000 shift:(0,-10) width:5 text:H. heidelbergensis
bar:Events color:nil mark:(line,black)
at:-77000 shift:(0,5) text:Toba
at:-640000 shift:(0,5) text:3rd Y. Caldera
at:-1300000 shift:(0,5) text:2nd Y. Caldera
bar:Events color:nil mark:(line,white)
from:-13000 till:2013 text:H.~extinction
from:-781000  till:-13000 text:Q.~extinction

</timeline>

See also: Homo habilis (-2.33e+06 | -1.4e+06), Homo rudolfensis (-1.9e+06),
Homo gautengensis (-1.9e+06 | -0.6e+06), and Homo sapiens idaltu (-1.6e+06)
See also: Java Man (-1.75e+06), Yuanmou Man (-1.75e+06 : -0.73e+06),
Lantian Man (-1.7e+06), Nanjing Man (- 0.6e+06), Tautavel Man (- 0.5e+06),
Peking Man (- 0.4e+06), Solo Man (- 0.4e+06), and Peştera cu Oase (- 0.378e+05)

Template:Also Template:Also

Humanity Transitions

Template:Also <timeline> ImageSize = width:500 height:100 PlotArea = left:65 right:15 bottom:20 top:5 AlignBars = justify

Colors =

 id:green value:rgb(0.996,0.945,0.878)
 id:nil value:rgb(0.996,0.945,0.839)
 id:era value:rgb(0.996,0.941,0.8)
 id:age value:rgb(0.996,0.937,0.756)
 id:period1 value:rgb(0.996,0.933,0.718)
 id:filler value:gray(0.8) # background bar

Period = from:-100000 till:2013 TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal ScaleMajor = unit:year increment:20000 start:-100000 ScaleMinor = unit:year increment:5000 start:-100000

PlotData=

 align:center textcolor:black fontsize:8 mark:(line,black) width:10 shift:(0,-5)
bar:Hunman color:filler
from:2013 till:-100000 text:H. sapiens
bar:Prehistory color:filler
from: -100000 till: -3250 shift:(0,5) text:Late Stone Age
from: -100000 till: -70000 shift:(0,0) text:Micoquien
from: -100000 till: -37500 shift:(0,-7) text:Mousterian  
from: -37500 till: -27000 shift:(-3,2) text:Aurig.
from: -35000 till: -29000 shift:(0,-14) text:Châte. 
from: -27000 till: -22000 shift:(0,5) text:Grave.
from: -13000 till: -19000 shift:(0,8) text:Natu.
from: -22000 till: -17000 shift:(0,-8) text:Solut.
from: -17000 till: -10000 shift:(0,-20) text:Magda.
from: -10000 till: -9000 shift:(0,5) text:Azili.
from: -9000 till: -7000 shift:(0,-5) text:Sauve.
from:-4000 till:-3250 shift:(0,-14) text:Chalcolithic
from:-3250 till: 600 shift:(0,-22) text:Ancient
bar:  color:filler
from:-29000 till:-100000  text:H. neanderthalensis
bar:  color:filler
 from: -100000 till: -50000 shift:(0,2) text:Middle Paleolithic 
 from: -50000 till: -10000 shift:(0,2) text:Upper Paleolithic 

</timeline> Template:Also Template:Also

See also: Great Spirit and Theistic evolution

Template:Also Template:Also Template:Also Template:Also Template:Also Template:Also Template:Also

Holocene

{{#invoke:main|main}} Timeframes
<timeline> ImageSize = width:500 height:115 PlotArea = left:65 right:15 bottom:20 top:10 AlignBars = justify

Colors =

   id:time value:rgb(0.7,0.7,1) #
   id:period value:rgb(1,0.7,0.5) #
   id:age value:rgb(0.95,0.85,0.5) #
   id:era value:rgb(1,0.85,0.5) #
   id:eon value:rgb(1,0.85,0.7) #
   id:filler value:gray(0.8) # background bar
   id:black value:black

Period = from:-9300 till:2013 TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal ScaleMajor = unit:year increment:1000 start:-9300 ScaleMinor = unit:year increment:100 start:-9300

PlotData =

 align:center textcolor:black fontsize:10 mark:(line,black) width:15 shift:(0,-5)
 bar:  color:filler 
 from:-9300 till:-3250 shift:(0,7) text:Stone Age
 from:-9300 till:-3250 shift:(0,-7) text:(Neolithic)
 from: -3250 till: -1200 text:Bronze Age
 from: -1200 till: 600 text:Iron Age
 bar:Human color:filler
 from:-9300 till:-8000 shift:(15,7) text:Upper Paleo
 from:-9300 till:-8000 shift:(15,-7) text:(Late Stone)
 from:-8000 till:-4000 shift:(0,-7) text:Mesolithic
 from:-4000 till:-3250 shift:(0,7) text:Copper Age
 from:-4000 till:-3250 shift:(0,-7) text:(Chalcolithic)
 bar:Prehistory color:filler  
 from:-9300 till:2013 text:Holocene
 bar:Sequence color:filler 
 from:-9300 till:-9000 shift:(5,6) text: Preboreal
 from:-9000 till:-7500 text:Boreal 
 from:-7500 till:-5000 text:Atlantic 
 from:-5000 till:-2500 text:Subboreal 
 from:-2500 till:2013 text:Subatlantic 

</timeline>

<timeline> ImageSize = width:500 height:70 PlotArea = left:65 right:15 bottom:20 top:5 AlignBars = justify

Colors =

   id:time value:rgb(0.7,0.7,1) #
   id:period value:rgb(1,0.7,0.5) #
   id:age value:rgb(0.95,0.85,0.5) #
   id:era value:rgb(1,0.85,0.5) #
   id:eon value:rgb(1,0.85,0.7) #
   id:filler value:gray(0.8) # background bar
   id:black value:black

Period = from:-3250 till:2013 TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal ScaleMajor = unit:year increment:1000 start:-3250 ScaleMinor = unit:year increment:100 start:-3250

PlotData =

 align:center textcolor:black fontsize:10 mark:(line,black) width:15 shift:(0,-5)
 bar:  color:filler 
 from:-3250 till:-2500 text:Subboreal
 from:-2500 till:2013 text:Subatlantic
 bar:Written color:filler 
 bar:History color:filler
from: -3250 till: -1200 text:Bronze Age
from: -1200 till: 600 text:Iron Age
from:-3250 till: 600 shift:(13,10) text:Ancient times
from:600 till: 1500 text:Middle Ages
from:1500 till: 2013 shift:(-13,10) text:Modern Age

</timeline>

Dates are approximate, consult particular article for details
Holocene began at ~11,700 years BP (Before Present).
Stone Age ends ~3250 BC. Neolithic begins ~10,200 BC.

Template:Also Template:Also Template:Also Template:Also

Template:Also {{#invoke:see also|seealso}}

Written History

Ancient History

{{#invoke:main|main}} Template:Also <timeline>

ImageSize = width:500 height:415 PlotArea = left:65 right:15 bottom:20 top:10 AlignBars = justify

Colors =

   id:time value:rgb(0.7,0.7,1) #
   id:period value:rgb(1,0.7,0.5) #
   id:age value:rgb(0.95,0.85,0.5) #
   id:era value:rgb(1,0.85,0.5) #
   id:eon value:rgb(1,0.85,0.7) #
   id:filler value:gray(0.8) # background bar
   id:black value:black

Period = from:-3000 till:1000 TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal ScaleMajor = unit:year increment:500 start:-3000 ScaleMinor = unit:year increment:100 start:-3000

BarData =

 bar:ages text:"Historical"
 bar:Time text:Ages
 bar:sw_asia text:"SW Asia"
 bar:Mes.  text:Mes.
 bar:Elam/Ach.  text:Elam/Ach.
 bar:africa text:"Africa"
 bar:Egypt text:Egypt
 bar:Kush  text:Kush
 bar:Aksumite text:Aksumite
 bar:Carthage text:Carthage
 bar:s_asia text:"South Asia"
 bar:Indus.Valley
 bar:e_asia text:"East Asia"
 bar:China
 bar:americas text:"Americas"
 bar:N.Americas text:N.Americas
 bar:C.Americas text:C.Americas
 bar:S.Americas text:S.Americas
 bar:eur text:"Europe"
 bar:Europe

PlotData =

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 bar:ages color:skyblue from: start till: end text:"Historical ages"
 bar:Time color:period
 from: -3000 till: -1200 text:Bronze Age
 from: -1200 till: 400 text:Iron Age
 from: 400 till: 1000 text:Middle Ages
 bar:sw_asia color:skyblue from: start till: end text:"Southwest Asia (Near East)"
 bar:Mes. color:era
 from: -3000 till: -750 text:Mesopotamia
 bar:Elam/Ach. color:era
 from: -3000 till: -2700 shift:(15,0) text:Proto-Elamite
 from: -2700 till: -1500 text:Old Elamite
 from: -1500 till: -1100 shift:(0,5) text:Middle Elamite
 from: -1100 till: -545 shift:(0,-5) text:Neo-Elamite
 from: -545 till: -330 shift:(20,0) text:Achaemenid
 bar:africa color:skyblue from: start till: end text:"Africa"
 bar:Egypt  color:age
 from: -3000 till: -30 text:Ancient Egypt

 bar:Kush color: era
 from: -3000 till: -1650 text: Kerma
 from: -1650 till: -1070 text: Ancient Egypt
 from: -1070 till: -591 text: Napata
 from: -591 till: 350 text: Meroe
 
 bar:Aksumite color:age
 from: -400 till: 940 text:Aksumite Empire
 bar:Carthage color:eon
 from: -650 till: 146 text:Ancient Carthage
 bar:s_asia color:skyblue from: start till: end text:"South Asia"
 bar:Indus.Valley color:era
 from: -3000 till: -1200 text:Indus 
 from: -1200 till: -180 text:Iron India
 from: -180 till: 1 shift:(5,0) text:Indo-Greeks
 from: 1 till: 1000 shift:(0,-10) text:Middle kingdoms
 bar:e_asia color:skyblue from: start till: end text:"East Asia"
 bar:China color:era
 from: -3000 till: -2000 text:3 Sovereigns and 5 Emperors
 from: -2000 till: -200 text:Ancient China
 from: -200 till: 1000 text:Imperial China
 bar:americas color:skyblue from: start till: end text:"Americas"
 bar:N.Americas color:age
 from: -3000 till: -1500 text:Archaic
 from: -1500 till: 650 text:Classic
 from:  650 till: 1000 shift:(-10,0) text:Pre-Columbian
 bar:C.Americas color:era
 from: -3000 till: -1500 text:Archaic
 from: -1500 till: 250 text:Formative
 from:  250 till: 900 text:Classic
 from:  900 till: 1000 shift:(-15,5) text:Postclassic
 bar:S.Americas color:age
 from: -3000 till: -1900 text:Archaic
 from: -1900 till: 200 text:Preclassic
 from: 200 till: 1000 text:Classic
 bar:eur color:skyblue from: start till: end text:"Europe"
 bar:Europe color:era
 from: -3000 till: -1200 text:Archaic
 from: -1200 till: -650 text:Phoenicia
 from: -650 till: -146 shift:(5,0) text:Ancient Greece
 from: -146 till: 1000 text:Ancient Rome

</timeline>

Template:Also {{#invoke:see also|seealso}} Template:Also

Middle Ages

Template:Details3 <timeline> ImageSize = width:500 height:415 PlotArea = left:65 right:15 bottom:20 top:10 AlignBars = justify

Colors =

   id:time value:rgb(0.7,0.7,1) #
   id:period value:rgb(1,0.7,0.5) #
   id:span value:rgb(0.9,0.8,0.5) #
   id:age value:rgb(0.95,0.85,0.5) #
   id:era value:rgb(1,0.85,0.5) #
   id:eon value:rgb(1,0.85,0.7) #
   id:filler value:gray(0.8) # background bar
   id:black value:black

Period = from:400 till:1500 TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal ScaleMajor = unit:year increment:100 start:400 ScaleMinor = unit:year increment:10 start:400

PlotData =

 align:center textcolor:black fontsize:8 mark:(line, black) width:15 shift:(0,-3)
 bar:Timeframe color:era
 from: 476 till: 1000 text:Early period
 from: 1000 till: 1300 text:High period
 from: 1300 till: 1450 text:Late period
 bar:Timeframe color:filler
 from: 400 till:476 shift:(0,-7) text:(Iron Age)
 from: 400 till:476 shift:(0,4) text:Ancient
 from: 1450 till: 1500 shift:(2,4) text:Modern
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 from: 700 till:950 shift:(0,-7) text:(Manorialism)
 from: 950 till: 1100 text:Urbanization
 from: 1100 till: 1240 shift:(0,4) text:Crusades
 from: 1240 till: 1250 shift:(0,-6) text:Mongols
 from: 1250 till: 1400 shift:(0,4) text:Crisis
 bar:N.Europe color:age
 from: 400 till: 700 text:Germanic Iron
 from: 700 till: 1100 shift:(0,4) text:Vikings
 from: 700 till: 1100 shift:(0,-7) text:(Norsemen)
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 from: 1100 till: 1400 shift:(4,-7) text:(Northern Crusades)
 from: 1400 till: 1500 text:Kalmar Union
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 bar:E.Europe color:age
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 from: 700 till: 864 text:Rus' Khaganate
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 from: 1237 till: 1240 shift:(0,4) text:Mongols
 from: 1240 till: 1283 shift:(0,-7) text:Sarai
 from: 1283 till: 1400 text:Lithuania
 from: 1400 till: 1500 text:Moscow
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 from: 751 till: 888 shift:(0,-4) text:Carolingians
 from: 888 till: 962 shift:(0,4) text:E. Francia
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 from: 1250 till: 1500 shift:(0,4) text:Golden Horde
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 from: 794 till: 1185 text:Heian
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 from: 1200 till: 1500 shift:(0,-4) text:Late Postclassic
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Dates are approximate range (based upon influence), consult particular article for details
Template:Color box Middle Ages Divisions, Template:Color box Middle Ages Themes Template:Color box Other
Modern History
Early Modern

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Dates are approximate, consult particular article for details
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Dates are approximate range (based upon influence), consult particular article for details
Contemporary

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Future

Advice

Template:Hidden begin

The Poor Man's Road to Wealth

There are two ways to get rich — the right way and the wrong way; the easy way and the impossible way; the common way and the rare way. And of course the wrong and impossible way is the common way.

To be rich is to have all the money you want. And the common way of trying to get rich Is to try to get enough money for one's wants. The difficulty in this way is that the wants always grow faster than the money pile. You want to be rich enough to rent a vehicle; when you begin to rent, you want to own a vehicle; when you drive your own vehicle, you want to own a luxury vehicle; when you have a luxury vehicle, you want to own a vehicle for the children.

When a man buys railroads as other men buy vehicles, he may be in straitened circumstances, though he has fifty billions in U. S. bonds. The more money a man has, the poorer he is, if he has not learned to moderate his desires as well as to accumulate his supplies.

The only way to be rich is to keep one's desires within his Income. If one wants what five cents can buy, and he has ten cents, he is wealthy. A bright dime to a street Arab is greater wealth than a thousand dollars to a merchant prince.

The right way to be rich is never to want what you cannot buy, then you always have as much money as you want. This is the easy way. No man can regulate the contents of his purse; every man can regulate the quality of his desires. Capital is not within every man's attainment; contentment is. He is wealthy who has learned two arts; first, how to be contented with what he can get; second, how to use what he has.

It is always easy to have plenty of money : spend less than you earn. It is always easy to have all the money you want: want less than you have.

No easier way exists to better your circumstances, to become a rich man, than by joining a savings and loan association. It is the poor man's road to wealth. Template:Hidden end

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