Elliptic complex

From formulasearchengine
Jump to navigation Jump to search

In mathematics, in particular in partial differential equations and differential geometry, an elliptic complex generalizes the notion of an elliptic operator to sequences. Elliptic complexes isolate those features common to the de Rham complex and the Dolbeault complex which are essential for performing Hodge theory. They also arise in connection with the Atiyah-Singer index theorem and Atiyah-Bott fixed point theorem.


If E0, E1, ..., Ek are vector bundles on a smooth manifold M (usually taken to be compact), then a differential complex is a sequence

of differential operators between the sheaves of sections of the Ei such that Pi+1 o Pi=0. A differential complex is elliptic if the sequence of symbols

is exact outside of the zero section. Here π is the projection of the cotangent bundle T*M to M, and π* is the pullback of a vector bundle.

See also